Making New Words

22 Sep




Making New Words


Información publicada en LINGUIST List:

Title: Making New Words
Subtitle: Morphological Derivation in English
Published: 2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press Book URL:

Author: R. M. W. Dixon
Hardback: ISBN: 9780198712367 Pages: 472 Price: U.K. £ 65
Paperback: ISBN: 9780198712374 Pages: 472 Price: U.K. £ 30




This book provides a detailed study of around 200 English prefixes and suffixes. Each affix is discussed in detail, with information on its origin, phonological form, stress placement, semantic range, and the roots it can be attached to. It will be a valuable text for those studying English language and linguistics from undergraduate level upwards.


  • Extensive empirical data from a variety of different sources
  • Clear and well-organized discussion of approximately 200 English affixes
  • Brings together questions of origin, phonological form, and semantics

Making New Words provides a detailed study of the 200 or so prefixes and suffixes which create new words in today’s English. Alongside a systematic discussion of these forms, Professor Dixon explores and explains the hundreds of conundrums that seem to be exceptions to general rules. Why, for instance, do we say un-distinguished (with prefix un-) but in-distinguishable (with in-); why un-ceasing but in-cesssant? Why, alongside gold-en, do we say silver-y (not silver-en)? Why is it wood-en (not wood-ic) but metall-ic (not metall-en)?

After short preliminary chapters, which set the scene and outline the criteria employed, there are accounts of the derivation of negative words, of other derivations which do not change word class, on making new verbs, new adjectives, new nouns, and new adverbs. The final chapter deals with combinations of suffixes, of prefixes, and of the two together. Within each chapter, derivational affixes are arranged in semantic groups, the members of which are contrasted with respect to meaning and function; for example, child-less and child-free. For each affix there is an account of its genetic origin (from Old English, Greek, Latin, French, and so on), its phonological form and implications for stress placement, the roots it can be attached to (and why), and how its range of meanings has developed over the centuries. The book is written in the author’s accustomed style – clear and well-organised, with easy-to-understand explanations. The exposition is illustrated by examples, ranging from Shakespeare, W. S. Gilbert, and modern novels to what was heard on the radio. It will be an invaluable text and sourcebook for scholars and students of the English language and of general linguistics, from undergraduate level upwards. The many fascinating facts presented here, in such a lucid and accessible manner, will also appeal to the general reader interested in picking to pieces the English language to see how it works.

Readership: The book will be of interest to researchers and students in English language and linguistics, from undergraduate level upwards, as well as all those interested in morphology more generally.



Table of Contents:


1: Preliminaries
2: How to make new words
3: Criteria – affixes, semi-affixes, and compounds
4: What we describe
5: Un-expected, mis-judged, dis-organized counter-revolution: Making negative words
6: Ultra-patriotic, extra-special, pre-election pseudo-promise: Keeping the same word class
7: Be-feather, smart-en, em-power, beauti-fy, moral-ize: Making new verbs
8: Moon-like, death-ly, angr-y, mysteri-ous, memor-able: Making new adjectives
9: Eager-ness, bidd-ing, pay-ment, owner-ship, satisf-action: Making new nouns
10: Carefully, sideways, homewards, crab-fashion: Making new adverbs
11: Un-relent-less-ly de-west-ern-iz-ing non-mean-ing-ful infra-structures: Combining affixes
12: Envoi: the way of words
Appendix 1: List of adjective and verb semantic types, with sample members
Appendix 2: Alphabetical directory of adjective and verbs in the list of semantic types






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